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City Real GDP: Total, Private, and Government

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Latest Data: 2022
Frequency: Annual

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), “Real GDP by metropolitan area is an inflation-adjusted measure of each metropolitan area’s gross product that is based on national prices for the goods and services produced within the metropolitan area. The real estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) by metropolitan area are measured in chained (2012) dollars.”

For metropolitan area GDP, the BEA uses an income (as opposed to spending) approach.  The BEA sums incomes earned by labor and capital together with the costs incurred in the production of goods and services, with taxes included as some of those costs.

The BEA calculates GDP at the city level for both “Private” and “Government” sectors, both of which are given here, as well as the share of the total GDP for both of those sectors.  Real Private GDP is the Real GDP minus government expenditures and Investments. The inflation-adjusted amounts given for government spending indicate the Real GDP--Government. Real GDP--Government Share of City GDP is the Real GDP--Government divided by the total Real GDP of the city expressed as a percentage. Real GDP--Private Share of City GDP is the Real GDP--Private divided by the total Real GDP of the city expressed as a percentage.

More information on how the BEA calculates GDP by metropolitan area can be found here.

Note: This data series does not include Chula Vista, Irvine, Plano, and Santa Ana (not available on the website). Additionally, some of the cities have the same data points because the metropolitan area includes multiple cities. For example, Los Angeles, Long Beach, and Anaheim are one metropolitan statistical area, so the numbers for their Real GDPs are the same.